考研英语作文百变句式,记住它们考试不慌

2020-11-30 17:33:39 编辑:郑州华杰MBA 关注:

对于考英语的小伙伴来说,总分最终能拿下70~80分可以说是相当厉害了。当然,无论是英语(一)还是英语(二),都要求我们在作文这一题型上的分数起码不低于20分。

然而,很多同学在写作过程中往往不善于对单词和句子进行变化,单词重复出现、句式单一,导致作文没有亮点可言,显得单调乏味。

因此,除了灵活使用同义词替换、词形变换和一些连接词以外,我们还可以从句子本身入手,借助语法之手,让我们的作文句子“锦上添花”!一起来看看吧!

添加修饰成分

英语中最常见的修饰成分是定语,用于说明名词的品质与特征。而可以作定语的成分包括形容词、名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、分词、介词短语、从句等。比如:

原:Young people should be condemned.

改:Young people giving up supporting their parents should be condemned.

(注:分词短语giving up supporting their parents作后置定语,修饰前面的young people。此外,可以将其变为定语从句who give up supporting their parents进行替换。)

句首添加状语

英语中的多数副词一般是放在动词后面,或者放在be动词、助动词或情态动词之后且实义动词之前(若实义动词后有宾语,则放于宾语之后)。而在写作中将其置前,可以起突出和强调的作用。比如:

Obviously/Interestingly/Ironically,what the picture conveyed should be given further analysis.

多用复合句

复合句类型比较多,但是在考研中一个主句加一个从句基本上是标配。但是要把复合句写好的话,一方面可以使用词汇置换的技巧,另外一方面还需要搭配不同的句型。

(1)用it作形式主语

结构:It be+adj./done/n.+that.../to do sth.

例:It is obvious that protecting environment is our compulsory duty and also a legal behavior.

(2)使用定语从句

(注:这个是英语写作中需要重点掌握的句式)

It goes without saying that the cartoon depicts four persons are competitively playing a football game, which captures our eyes successfully.

(3)使用双重否定

可以用no/not+表否定意义的形容词,如:It is not impossible (for sb.) to do sth.

也可以用no/not/never+without,如:sb. cannot do sth. without n./doing sth.

此外,还可以用no/not/never/nobody/few+具有否定意义的动词或短语,如:sb. never fail to do sth.

(4)使用倒装结构

一种情况是使用“Only+状语”置于句首,如:

Only in this way can we resolve the problem.

另一种情况是将否定词置于句首,如:

By no means should we turn a blind eye to such things of spoiling children.

(5)使用强调句

可强调动词,如:

I do expect that the issue of environment pollution can be settled as soon as possible.

也可强调句子某个成分,如:

It was persistence and optimism that made Thomas Edison bravely confront a variety of obstacles and other failures and then finally invent the electrical lamp.

好了,上述内容主要是通过添加修饰成分、句首添加状语和多用复合句这三个方向来使作文语言表达更具多样性,希望大家多加积累和记忆,让你的作文从此与众不同!