21考研强化复习:历年考研英语经典长难句

2020-11-30 17:40:37 编辑:郑州华杰MBA 关注:

Enhanced security measures since then, combined with a rise in airline travel due to the improving economy and low oil price, have resulted in long waits at major airport such as Chicago’s O’Hare International.

语法点:介词短语做状语;形容词性短语做后置定语;介词短语做后置定语从句

单词:enhance加强;security 安全,安保;measure 措施;rise 上升;airline travel 航空旅行;improving 正在增长的;result in 导致;Chicago’s O’Hare International 芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场

解析:句子主干为“Enhanced security measures since then have resulted in long waits at major airport”。其中,“since then”为表示时间的状语,可译到整句话的开头;“at major airport”为at引导的介词短语做状语,修饰主干的谓语动词“have result in”。“combined with a rise in airline travel due to the improving economy and low oil price”为形容词性短语做后置定语修饰“security measures”,本句考察的固定搭配为:be combined with,译为“与……结合”;此外,本句中的“due to the improving economy and low oil price”,为due to引导的介词短语,表示“原因”,解释“a rise in airline travel”即“选择航空旅行人数增长”的原因。“such as Chicago’s O’Hare International”为such as引导的介词短语做后置定语修饰“major airport ”,而且“such as” 表示列举,可译为“例如”。

翻译:自那之后,安全措施有所加强,再加上选择航空旅行的人数也因经济形势好转和低油价而有所增加,这导致旅客在芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场等主要机场等候时间过长。